EGBA IN OWU HISTORY


Reproduced below is the extremely revealing and informative Historical account written by the Olowu of Owu Kingdom, Oba Adegboyega Dosunmu in the official Brochure of the just concluded 2012 Odun-Omo-Olowu:

Oba Adegboyega Dosunmu C.O.N.,           Olowu of Owu Kingdom

In the beginning of times, the people known as Egbas were offshoot of Oyo.  They lived in hamlets scattered in the Egba forest South West of Oyo under a high-handed leader – Alafin whose Ilaris exploited the Egbas until their hero, Lisabi, liberated them, and they became a united nation under him.

However, this widely spread people belonged to three distinct branches as follows: the Gbaguras – the largest in land area under the leading King known as Agura.  They settled in the Northern part of Egba forest.  The second was the group known as Egba Oke-Ona because the area they occupied borders on Ona river and spread into the land of Remo province.  The third was Egba Agbeyin to the west of the forest.  Some of the Egbas also claim to come from Ife.

OWU

The Owus were originally savannah dwellers, who had their settlements near the Nupes.  Infact, writers up  to the 11th and 12th centuries mistook them for Nupes because of their warlike posture.  Usman Dan Fodio called them (Noofes in his writing).  They were also cotton farmers and Ifa (oracle) worshippers.  Their forefathers who were cotton farmers also went on long war expeditions and explorations and reached as far as Ife in the forest region.  Agbonmiregun – Setilu – was a well known Ifa priest and was the father of Obatala, a chaste man who also travelled far and near in what became known as west Africa.  He was a great man who later married Oduduwa’s first daughter – Iyunade, by whom he got his first son, Ajibosin.

This Ajibosin was the darling grandson of Oduduwa who cried to get the crown from his grandfather and became known as Asunkungbade.  He was later sent back to his father’s home town at Enpe where he became know as Omo Baba Olowu (son of a the cotton grower – father Obatala).  Ajibosin was reputed to have many children including 6 males: Ayoloye, Amororo, Otileta, Akinoso, Akinjobi and Lagbedu (Ola-n-gbendu).

It was Ayoloye who on one of his war expeditions took refuge in Ibadan and took “Nkanlola” daughter of a leading Ibadan chief as wife, and had to sacrifice her to appease a river.  This was the event that sent Owu parking from Ibadan, and finally led them to a land close to Ife where they settled under Amororo.  This is the place that replaced “home”.  This was Owu Ipole.  They left great landmarks in Ibadan including river Ogbere  (Ifa diviner of Olowu after whom the river was named).  The Anlugbua shrine near Orita Bashorun etc.

The Owus, having gone through harrowing war time experiences over centuries, built a formidable fortress the type that had never existed in Yourba land (see Mabogunje’s Owu in Yoruba History).

In 1821, under Olowu Akinjobi war broke out as a result of Oba Amororo who died in 1817 trying to stop slavery among the Yoruba people of that region.

Oba Akinjobi who succeeded Amororo had no answer to the intrigues of his enemies and detractors of Owu’s posture against the infamous slave trade.  Amororo had earlier arrested and tortured an Oyo crown prince for carrying on slave trade.  He also fought and defeated Ife for the same reason.  The posture of Owu against slave trade met the displeasure of Ijebu who mounted toll gate and collected money from the hintherland Yorubas who carried slaves to Lagos via Ijebu.

THE OWU WAR 1821 – 27

The immediate reason for hostility was that an Ijebu woman accused an Owu trader at Apomu market of short-changing her on (Atta Liya) alligator pepper.  She claimed to have bought six bags of the pepper, but on getting home one of the six bags ran short of two peices of the pepper!!!  The strange thing is that none of the other Yoruba women and men on that market day was able to broker peace.  The fracas led to full scale war (1821-1827) that finally drove the Owus out of Owu Ipole!  Even the Ooni whose Ife army had once been defeated by Owu not only joined the battle, the Ooni personally put a curse on anyone who would settle on the devastated Owu Ipole.  Ibadan and Oyo joined the battle; Owu was completely surrounded and embattled for 4 years but the enemies could not scale the walls which enclosed Owu.

EGBAS REFUSAL

The combined forces of Ijebu, Ife, Oyo and Ibadan tried to persuade the Egbas to join the war against Owu, but they refused.  That was remarkable but we need not say more about it.  However, as a result of their failure to join the forces of Owu detractors, the combined army turned against Egbas and one by one they burnt down the towns and village of the Egbas.  For two years the unsuspecting Egba towns were attacked and they and their many people and neighbours including some traders were burnt down and driven out of their peaceful settlements.  This way and that, the Egbas and their hemmed neighbours ran out and finally became refugees under the Olumo Rocks on a land they finally named Abeokuta.  These events took place between 1824 – 27.

REMARKABLE FRATERNITY

The combined forces returned to Owu Ipole, bent on burning the city down to ashes.  When they finally broke through the barriers of great Owu walls, the enemies found old incapable women and some children whom they carried away to Ife … bulk of the men and leaders had carried their goods, artefacts and their Ifa out on a trek that lasted over six years, during which their wearied escapees had settled here and there especially in Ijebu land and Ibadan which they re-entered through Remo land.  Yet the main stock encouraged themselves to press on aiming to get to Iseri in present day Lagos.  They crossed the Ogun river at Opeji and about 1828 – 29 landed at Oke-ata near Abeokuta.  They heard news of some of their relatives settling down with the Egba refugees in Abeokuta but they were bent on getting to Lagos.

EGBA IN OWU HISTORY

Within two years the “temporary” sojourn in Oke Ata had spread to nearby Aro, Olomore, Kurere, Idiori and some parts of Imala.  For nearly two years the Egba leaders headed by Sodeke came to persuade them to join them in settling in Abeokuta and through the persuasion of General Sodeke and Agbo of Gbagura who were war acquaintances of Balogun Olufakun, Laara, Gbademu and Adetaloye they agreed to join the Egbas to live in Abeokuta.

THE PLOY OF EGBAS

Within the two years of their settling down in Abeokuta between 1827 -1830, the Remos, the Dahomey had attacked the new settlement of Abeokuta using the Kobape/Sokori route (the Remos) and the Isaga/Sokori route – the Dahomeans to attack the Egbas.  It was for this reason that the Egbas never dared settle in that area, so they saw an opportunity to get the Owus to settle on that dangerous route of their enemies.  Infact, in the settlement arrangements that had gone on, they had persuaded the Owus to settle along Ogun river banks of Sokori; and also told them to occupy all that land areas up to Lagos where they (the Owu) originally intended to go.

Within their first five years of settling in Abeokuta, the Owu had faced and warded off Dahomey attacks on at least two occasions in 1839 and 42.  It was on one of such attacks that the Owu army discovered that the Dahomean army comprised mainly of women – one breasted amazons.  Enraged, the Owus challenged the Egbas to summon courage and together in 1845 they successfully put an end to the incessant attacks of the Dahomeans.

The Owu Armies led by their generals chased the Dahomeans even into their own home of Porto Novo.  The cannon that Owu seized from them is still in Owu Palace today.

TWO PEOPLE; ONE SETTLEMENT

When one considers the plight of both the Egbas and the Owus especially when one considers the circumstances which have brought both from their homesteads to this Abeokuta, one cannot but think of both as having a common destiny.

They have both charted a common part, fought and won victories over common enemies and they are fully integrated and made full successes of themselves in their new land of refuge – Abeokuta.

UNITY IN SEPARATION

There had been forces – social, political and economic – that had drawn us together.  I believe that having been so drawn together, we should not allow such powerful conditions to now set us apart.  Our fore fathers did not war against each other.  History had brought us who were neighbours to the same situations, under same political umbrella – that is now not protecting both from inclement social conditions.  What must we do?  We are only two in number – Egba and Owu.  This is undeniable.  There are four kingdoms, but two people!  This seems complicated but certainly not beyond our comprehension.

The original set up was very good: Four Kingdoms, Four corners (origun merin) viz;

  1. Abeokuta (main city) and environs for Alake
  2. Abeokuta / Ibadan axis for Agura
  3. Abeokuta / Lagos axis for Olowu
  4. Abeokuta / Sagamu axis for Osile

Please note that in this 21st century all Egbas (that is a covering name for the two peoples (Egba and Owu) have four townships;

  1. Egba comprising of Egba Alake, Gbagura and Oke Ona
  2. Owu comprising of 22 townships

All occupy every parts of the four corners of Egbaland.  (Please note that the term Egbaland is a convenient term that means Egba and Owu).  In the same breadth and as have been explained above, Abeokuta IS NOT EGBALAND; it is a city belonging to both Egba and Owu.

SHARING

If there is anything to share, it is the land area – nothing more.  Let Egba occupy the 3 corners and Owu her only 1 corner.

As for any other thing (IF ANY) let such be shared at a ration of 75% Egba and 25% Owu (75% to Egba and 25% to Owu).  If you will ponder a while before you begin to protest, that ratio is in agreement with all earlier proposals and postulations.

POLITICAL

I am not a politician, neither is any of the other 3 Obas a politician (I guess), but if politicians should continue to have a hand in traditional and historical unity herein postulated, they can create either 2 (Egba and Owu) traditional councils or else 4 (Egba, Owu, Gbagura and Oke  Ona) traditional councils.

Let me end with the favourite, proclaimed and acclaimed declaration of all the Obas of Egbaland:- ‘’And now exist faith, hope and charity … but above all these Love is the greatest’’

Alayeluwa, Olowu Kangunere, Akobi Oodua 
OBA DR. OLUSANYA ADEGBOYEGA DOSUNMU, CON
Amororo II,

Olowu and Paramount Ruler of the Ancient Owu Kingdom

You may go to the Discussion Forum to enter conversation on this article.

40 comments on “EGBA IN OWU HISTORY

  1. Dear Sir, thank you very much for this clarity. So many things have been written and said about the ownership of Abeokuta. Also, it is interesting to note that WE the OWU’s were apportioned all the land towards the Lagos axis. I will like you to clarify two issues if you can. One of it is the age long dispute of Itori town. What are the reasons for confusion as to ownership?
    Also, can you tell me which of the royal house does Balogun Olufakun belong. These two questions are very interestingly connected.

    • Hi Mr Makinde.
      We are yet to feel your presence at the Owu Discussion Forum which was hosted to encourage dialogues between readers and fact finders on this site. the site address is owulakoda.com/forum.

      Now to your observations and inquiries: I will rather use the more socially friendly and diplomatic term ‘Overseer-ship’ rather than ‘Ownership’ for many of the land along the Lagos axis, because quite a number of them were already occupied before the inhabitants were defeated or subdued during the 19th century turmoils of the south-west of Nigeria. And as the people of Owu were never associated with slave trading (rather they tried to subdue it), it becomes contradictory in my opinion to ‘own’ what was previously owned without enslaving the owners! However, the point should be established that Olowu is the caretaker of all that land and not Alake as the current struggle seem to imply!

      Itori was established by the Owu people. There is no doubt about that. The upgrading of Baale Awesu to the status of Oba in that town by the Alake while his misadventure with the Baale Oluomo at Ifo was still being challenged in court portend a mischievous political calculation which should be relentlessly resisted, but through diplomatic, historical and legal means…because all the evidence of ‘occupancy’ are there. The opening for the Alake’s expansionist move was provided by the Owu people themselves in my opinion, through the frequent internal squabbles when the throne becomes vacant, resulting in a long interregnum. A weakness which the Alake could exploit…and have been known to, quite a number of times in the past.
      I am however particularly delighted that Olowu Odeleye woke up quickly to the challenge, and that the current Olowu Dosunmu is using all his wealth of experience in Abeokuta matters as a one-time Abeokuta Local Government Chairman to fire back shot for shot. Nay, salvo for shot, mortar for pellet!

      Balogun Olufakun to the best of my knowledge never had royal blood, issuing from the Agboole Olufakun in Abeokuta, he was the first official Balogun of the Owus in Abeokuta while Oba Adeyanju Pawu was appointed the first Olowu in 1855. Olufakun as deputy to Laara (an Owu war leader) had assisted in the shepherding of Owu refugees from Owu-Ipole (Orile-Owu) to Abeokuta in a similar way to Sodeke as Lamodi’s deputy did with the Egbas from Ibadan.

  2. if there is a discord concerning the status of Abeokuta that it belongs to all the inhabitants of the ancient town,we have to take note of the kingship system in that town because the four corners of the town is occupied by the towns sub tribes of the yorubas,namely,egba ake,owu,oke ona and agura.that means its already settled by the ancestors of the town who came in and settled in the town for same reason of protection,freedom and prosperity and there is no basis of playing politics with the peace and tranquilty of the town in the 21st century for political gains…Abeokuta is home for all egbas no matter which side of the town they occupied.

    • Well said Mr (or Ms) Anonymous.
      However, much of the current dispute is not about the partitioned sections of the city itself, but the conquered or acquired outlying satellite towns and settlements that surround it, especially in the apparently more lucrative Lagos axis. However, even those were well mapped out and gazetted by the colonial overlords who forged the initial confederate unity between the city’s four axial monarchs.

      The Alake’s were riding high because they had the initial educational and literacy advantage, but alas, that could only be short-lived because as the monarchy of the other partners of the former city-state woke up in literacy and social clout, they were bound to…as they are now doing – fight for what rightly belongs to them!

      PS:
      Oh Sholamacowu. Did not recognize you are the commentator. How u doing?
      The Forum awaits your comments!

  3. if there is a discord concerning the status of Abeokuta that it belongs to all the inhabitants of the ancient town,we have to take note of the kingship system in that town because the four corners of the town is occupied by the towns sub tribes of the yorubas,namely,egba ake,owu,oke ona and agura.that means its already settled by the ancestors of the town who came in and settled in the town for same reason of protection,freedom and prosperity and there is no basis of playing politics with the peace and tranquilty of the town in the 21st century for political gains…Abeokuta is home for all egbas no matter which side of the town they occupied.

  4. I assume this is just a side comment and not an answer to my question……………..
    We can not shy away from confronting issues that binds us together. Only when questions are asked and answers are given that we can begin to find solutions. Knowing and understanding your history is not a crime. It does give you a sense of belonging.

    • Hi again Mike.
      I figure both you and olusholamacowu are on the same page.
      We don’t want confrontation in 21st century Abeokuta, but a peaceful coexistence. However when your neighbour starts to take your serenity for stupidity and keep piling s**t on your doorstep, may God help him when you erupt in the way that has been genetically coded in the DNA structure of all true Owus!

      Alake did precisely that with the Oluomo issue at Ifo, and added insult upon injury with a quick follow up through the Awesu issue at Itori, upgrading both Baales in Owu Territory to Obas in open defiance of their consenting monarch, the Olowu – as if to test the will of the Owus!
      History recites that such kind of relationship had been going on right from the beginning of the formation of the city between the two sections when the Egba Alakes took delight in stealing Owu women and children for sale into slavery until Olufakun openly challenged Sodeke and confronted him with the option of an Owu insurrection if the practice was not brought to a halt. Sodeke , a perfect Egba gentleman full of diplomatic wisdom quickly responded positively and even rewarded (or bribed) Olufakun for his effrontery!

      My disposition however is that we allow the monarchs to play their cat and mouse games – if that represents their current state of communal maturity and civility, while we their subjects on the streets get together to party and get drunk together in brotherly/neighborly friendship while they slug it out amongst themselves and do what they do best or must do. Period!

      • Dear Sir,
        Thank you very much for coming back with more in depth knowledge and understanding of issues. Rightly dividing the words with wisdom and understanding. This is the type of historical education that we need for our generation and those coming after us.
        Now that we have a clear picture of events. May I suggest that the next thing to do now is to seek amicable resolution or solution with our brothers if you will permit me to use these words. As you have rightly discerned or identified that my one liner question is more deeper than earlier thought. Let’s keep chipping along through this forum and other sources and never to give up. Once again, I salute your response.

        • Happy to be of help Mike-Mak.
          I encourage however you register at the Owu Discussion forum (http://owulakoda.com/forum) where such discussions as the one between you and sholamacowu can be perpetuated to a logical conclusion with others chipping in. It is more organised and easier for quick responce than this comment box…and it is free. sholamacowu is already a forum user.

          As for seeking amicable solution with our brothers. That is an ongoing process, but it is amazing how historically brainwashed and distorted they generally are about the issues on ground. Everytime i go out to socialize, i must confront a group of my Egba brothers and neighbours who more than often will want to take a swipe at what they parochially perceive as ‘Owu people’s audacity to want to defy their Lord and master a.k.a Alake'(sic). I most often have to sacrifice my valuable beer drinking time and serenity to start lecturing and educating them right from kindergarten stage to a point of reasonable adult comprehension. Mind you, this cuts across every educational strata…and it is even often the so-called super-accomplished ones (socially and educationally) that usually prove to be the tough asses to break and enlighten. So i suggest all capable Owus properly arm ourselves with adequate knowledge of our ancestral precedences and go out there on a missionary endeavor to properly tutor the Egba mis-influenced populace about the true order of things!

  5. I shed tears as i read this Historical piece. I could feel the peaceful and diplomatic quest of H.R.M Kabiyesi, Alayeluwa Oba Dosumu, Olowu of Owu Kingdom, for proper documentation of true history and peace. I follow this blog to keep abreast of events at home. The Odun Omo Olowu Festival has become adhering and we should give it an International touch. The last one i attended was in 2005. I was also in the entourage of the Olowu of Owu-Abenkuta to Owu-Ishin, kwara state where we had Owu National Convention that year. I am from OLORI compound-Totoro, Owu-Abeokuta. I am a Tourism Director and Tourist Guide for Badagry Historical Adventures. I am an Historian, TransAtlantic Slave trade Educator, Family Historian for Chief Seriki William Abass (Paramount ruler of Badagry, 1895). I am a folk Music Singer. I performed my Folk Music: EWIAKIN, in the palace during the coronation of his H.R.M Oba Dosumu, Amororo II, The Olowu of Owu kingdom at Abeokuta in 2005. Tourism Adventures has kept me on the road of life these while. I miss Abeokuta. We, the people of Abeokuta should unite, tolerate and build on our common History to develop the Tourism potentials of our land. Olumo Rock is significant in our history but we can develop other Heritage sites and Monuments which abound greatly. I’ve been to a lot of places, seen and discovered things and antiquities. I’m interested in Abeokuta building an Hinterland Historical Slave Museum. A lot of our Ancestors were taken away during the Trans Atlantic Slave trade. We could erect a monument to keep their memory and bring Blacks in Diaspora back home to Abeokuta either as Tourists, researchers, enthusiasts or settlers. Many Yorubas (especially the Owus and Egbas) were sold into slavery during the Owu Wars and Egba-Dahomey Wars. We must unite and re-connect with our offsprings in Diaspora. There’s no hinterland Slave Museum in the whole of Africa. I propose we build one in Abeokuta and i am ready to work with anyone who is interested. I am one of the foremost Tourist Guides and Slave trade Historian who educate Tourists on the slave trade history of Badagry and West Africa in general. Slaves were not captured from this coastal towns noted for the Slave trade, Slaves were raided from the hinterlands. Let us take advantage of this opportunity. Let’s re-connect and uphold our ideas to fruition for posterity. Lets stay connected. Anlugbua agbe wa o!!! Contact: anago.tourism1893@yahoo.com Twitter: AnagoPrince http://www.facebook.com/anago18olanimo93osho http://www.google.com/anago+james+akeem+osho http://www.youtube.com/anago+james+akeem+osho http://www.badagryhistoricaladventures.com http://www.youtube.com/ololufe oferegege animation music video

  6. Kabiyesi ki ade pe lori, ki ase pe lenu oba. my name is Michael Abolade Showunmi. please i need your assistance in respect to my background and history. Iam from Owu but we dont really know much about where we came from in the kingdom. My father and my well known uncle in owu are all dead. this is giving me a great concern as i have a political ambition in future. My father’s name is Gabriel Olayiwola Showunmi while my grand father name is either OsanyinTola or Osanyin Peju, i know both are from the same mother but i dont which one is my grand father name. He died at the age of 110 in Lagos. Our family house is right behind the Owu palace in Abeokuta. The last time i went there i was unable to identify myself but i met a woman in the compound known as Iya Ibeji, who knew my uncle – Chief Alfred Showunmi, he owns a street in mushin, Lagos. I want to come home with my children but am scared as in if they asked who we are? i wont be able to say much and i dont know if the woman she is still alive.

  7. Sir, I really enjoyed ur article,its educative and interesting ve bin finding means 2 get d full version of this story….igbayin apa oooo.e pefunwa sir……. You’ve saved me off a big stress because I needed 2 write an assignment.tenks sir

    • Abiodun. The pleasure is all mine. Glad to be of help. Actually the article is a sneak preview of a section of a book still on the drawing board of its author. When it is ready, the world will notice!

      Sent from Samsung Mobile

    • Owu territory for sure…all the way to Sango, Ado-Odo Otta and  Atan Gbalefa. They were all annexed through warfare or opened up as market places by gallant Owu in those wild days of old when the voice of the speaker was loudest through the nozzle of his gun or the razor sharpness of his marchet (Epe and Ogedemgbe).

      Sent from Samsung Mobile

  8. Thanks. This is interesting. My father says we’re Egba (Ake) from Robiyan Village with settlement in Igbore. He passed on some years ago. Can you please offer any insight. Sorry, I don’t want to disclose my surname.

    • I wonder what sort of insight you expect to your statement? However what you mean to write is that you are Egba Ake of Igbore stock with settlement in Robiyan village, not the other way round. Your family compound will be in Igbore and your farm settlement in Robiyan village.

  9. Thanks for your patience with me and your availability. Yes you are right, my question is are there Egba Ake of Igbore stock with settlement in Robiyan? If yes, does it then mean that there are other egba settlements who are non-Owu in Ifo? I read this article and sort of got confused. I may be wrong but just want to confirm as your replied to a question that the case is that Owu are overseers of the lands and not exclusive residents. Thanks

    • Mr Anonymous. Of course there are Igbores in Robiyan village. Are you not one of them? 

      There are numerous settlements of a cosmopolitan nature in the Ifo and other areas regardless of the dominant people populating them although there are also a few rather exclusive ones also.

      You must appreciate above all else that Abeokuta is a confederal city and thereby that setup must reflect in most of its outreach settlements.

      • Thank you sir. Greatly appreciate your time. Spend a bulk of this morning reading about our heritage, it’s painful it not part of our educational system. Sir, I suggest you create a pressure group to encourage the integration of tribal and National history our curriculum from primary school and ensure it is exciting not just cramming of dates. I schooled in Abeokuta (primary and secondary) and sir, the only History class I took was in Form 3 and it was no at all relevant to me.

  10. Sir,
    I got some questions to ask,
    1)Why is the Alake of Egba called the paramount ruler and why his he the most recognised King in Abeokuta.
    2)Is Ijokoland part of OWU land,if yes,why is it that the baale of ijoko choose to be addressed as an Egba man?
    3)In what way can we foster a reuioun of the OWU people.
    4)How can our OWU leaders empower the OWU youths.
    5)Can the OWU historians come together to write a single book on OWU kingdom that will be passed from Generation to Generations.
    Thank you so much.

  11. sir, u wrote that egbas asked u to settled where dahomeans can attacked u, …does shodeke known the waves in which enemies can attacked?

  12. sir, u wrote that egbas asked u to settled where dahomeans can attacked u, …does shodeke known the waves in which enemies can attacked? if shodeke was urged ur people to settled in abeokuta and environs, then it means ur people were alliens like ibara and ijaiye people, so u dont have authority over vast land that alake control from lagos to ibadan and to shagamu axis, therefore, egbas were warriors and never timid for wars u claimed about dahomeans, obviosly, it was not the emergency of owu makes abeokuta to exist till today. it is either u comply to be in egba or cast ur palace and ur people away from egbas boundry. thanks.

    • Akinbode i appreciate your Egba patriotic sentiments. U are the true son of your father. I am also half Egba from Igbore/Ago Oba.

      Perhaps if you were better enlightened, you may appreciate the facts and refine your views:

      First, Sodeke did not singularly pioneer Abeokuta but he commanded the largest entourage of the hoard of refugees fleeing from Ibadan and the Owu/Yoruba wars and its ensuing consequences. There were others on parallel levels including Sangojimi at the head of an Apomu-Owu contingent, and i believe Agbo with the Gbaguras. They all came to Abeokuta together.They were all aliens (using your own words) and refugees fleeing from their original homelands, including Sodeke himself and the Egba Alake people!

      Ibara were not in contention in this matter at all as they came much much later when Abeokuta was totally secured from the invaders hostilities which the founding fathers had to continuously repel. They didn’t really migrate at all as they were in the vicinity of their original Yewa homeland.

      So as you can see, both me as Owu and you as Egba are alien refugees who came together to settle in Abeokuta together and defended and developed it together with an understanding of equality as pronounced by Governor Macauley of colonial Lagos himself who forged the first official forum of the original four quarters of Abeokuta through their monarchs.

      Secondly, of course Sodeke was a great warrior with an understanding of his terrain and he knew very well the likely routes invaders from the south and west were likely to use, and were already using before the main Owu contingent with a huge numerical strength joined them from their transit OkeAta encampment, at the persistent behest of Sodeke himself. In this matter i only see Sodeke as a great war strategist and leader who used what he could get to ensure what he needed i.e. the security of the new refugees town of Abeokuta, even when it meant begging or persuading the Owu to join him and subsequently played a fast one on them by placing them at the hottest point of the battle field, knowing fully well that they were capable of holding fort their. I would do exactly the same thing in his shoes because i also fancy myself a great war general (even though i have only been opportuned to prove my traits on indoor board war games)! 

      So Akinbode, under the light of historical facts we can better understand the thinkings of our fore-fathers and why they had to make the decisions they made without getting ourselves unecessarily worked up about it. They could only have been as perfect as me and you with all the underlying human attributes of maneuvering situations to tilt in their favour.

      The glaring reality today is that which quarter controls which town has wanned into relative insignificance and cosmetics since politics and not tradition now holds the sway. All else stem from antique ancestral egotism! We human beings could be really stupid…and we usually are most times!

      I wish i have the time to give you a total break down of why it is pertinent for all Abeokutans and their Royal fathers to close ranks and work together peacefully for the community as a unit like the original founders who were all bloody refugees and aliens did. They had more common sense necessitated by their common will for survival and the resistant of their common enemies. They simply had no time nor room for any extensive internal squabbling or vendetta which could have had fatal consequences for the whole community as a whole! They had then laid out a system of compartible independent government of their four quarters which   was extremely effective in avoiding internal conflicts and which only the whiteman was able to break.

      Let’s wake up and appreciate history with a logical understanding and avoid blanketing our clear perception with the suffocating fumes of misguided and irrelevant sentiments. You Akinbode should also resist getting caught up in this massive hallucination and brain drain of fighting for nothing! It will not pile Naira in your pockets or place peace in your life nor fellowship love in your heart. You will only achieve the statute of a pawn on a chessboard!

  13. sir, u wrote that egbas did not comes to ur aids when ife, ijebus and oyo attacked owu in those days but history were there that the supports egbas rendered to helped ur people makes ijebus and ife with oyo armies to sacked all egbas towns one by one. Also, where were ur people when the British favoured egbas as a nation? Do u know that right from iyana ipaja, ajegunle, in Lagos, to ifo, itori etc are egbas territory? Alake is the lanlord of all Ogun Central but u are his tenant and accept it that the remains two egbas kings were superior to u. Perhaps, 25percent claimed is meaningless because u dnt have right over any lands but u are just a carteker to asist Alake. We do not needs history from teacher to teach us history about egbas my grandma is a Lecturer, if u tired to lived peacefully in EGBALAND, pls., move ur people away from egbas boundry and jump to yewaland or remoland, do not cause TROuble here.

    • As i had already replied you earlier, narrating historical truth is not the problem, but the emotions and mental slavery of people to their uneditable past is our major obstacle to progress .

      Sent from Samsung Mobile

  14. sir, Abeokuta remains EgbaLand not egba and owu. Egbas are confederal state that matual in tolerance and good friendship to all other tribes. In old Egbas forest, they lived with mutual co operations that was why they wants owus to join them, but if they were refugee as you claimed, then they invites owus to join them which means owus are the original tenants in the present Egbas boundary. Where did you get your dates? When does dahomey firstly invaded Abeokuta that they do not settled around aro area? Pls, future is waiting that all of the present elders will not be around, what will happens to the youngs one? Egbas is a confederate state under the control of Alake in which peace and progress should be contributes by all ogun central that make it as EGBALAND. Also, write about something that can help the youths not about falacy stories that will makes us to hates each others.

    • I think you did not comprehend the reply Owulakoda gave you or you have some comprehension issues .
      He mentioned that among the first refugees to settle in Abeokuta, included owu contigents, lead by Sangojimi. Owu contingents and the other egbas lead by Shodeke arrived Abeokuta at the same time. Cool off a little bit and try some exercises at comprehension.
      The later contingents of Owu lead by Olufakun arrived merely 4 years later. Is in not in our Abeokuta history , that early contigents lived under Olumo rock for four years. . How come people who were hiding from the Dahomeys under the rock had time to stake out massive territories from Abeokuta to Lagos in 4 years?
      The only reason there will be problem in Abeokuta is those who think like you, who believe they do glaring injustice because someone gave “Alake of Ake” a titular title of “Alake of egbaland”. You think because he got a ceremonial title from british gave him the right to steal and rule over lands that belong to others. Even the british that gave Alake the ceremonial title recognized in their official document that Lagos-Abeokuta axist belong to Owu by right of conquest.
      A thief will never as himself how the property he attempts to steal got their in first place, do yourself a little thinking and ask yourself , how did a refugee in a Ake quarters of Abeokuta suddenly claims he owns all land to lagos ? by what right does the claim? Is only claim to other people’s property stems from a ceremonial title given by foreigners?

    • think you did not comprehend the reply Owulakoda gave you or you have some comprehension issues .
      He mentioned that among the first refugees to settle in Abeokuta, included owu contigents, lead by Sangojimi. Owu contingents and the other egbas lead by Shodeke arrived Abeokuta at the same time. Cool off a little bit and try some exercises at comprehension.
      The later contingents of Owu lead by Olufakun arrived merely 4 years later. Is in not in our Abeokuta history , that early contigents lived under Olumo rock for four years. . How come people who were hiding from the Dahomeys under the rock had time to stake out massive territories from Abeokuta to Lagos in 4 years?
      The only reason there will be problem in Abeokuta is those who think like you, who believe they do glaring injustice because someone gave “Alake of Ake” a titular title of “Alake of egbaland”. You think because he got a ceremonial title from british gave him the right to steal and rule over lands that belong to others. Even the british that gave Alake the ceremonial title recognized in their official document that Lagos-Abeokuta axist belong to Owu by right of conquest.
      A thief will never ask himself how the property he attempts to steal got there in first place, do yourself a little thinking and ask yourself , how did a refugee in a Ake quarters of Abeokuta suddenly claims he owns all land to lagos ? by what right does the claim? Is only claim to other people’s property stems from a ceremonial title given by foreigners?

    • Sorry sir Akintunde, I beg to totally disagree with you. Your suggestion could have been as good as saying for instance, Yoruba in Hausaland, for the Yorubas in the North of Nigeria…and that would be accurate with an exact precision, because the north belongs to the Hausas generically. However in the case of Abeokuta, it is a refugee settlement – no man’s land – albeit first predominantly occupied by Egba refugees, even though a band of Owu settlers from the Apomu market town were in that throng of pioneering refugees led by Sodeke after Lamodi lost his life. When the main hoard of Owu refugees arrived 4 years later, they more than fulfilled their allotted requirement in ensuring the security of the city state, and were by far dominant in extending its boundaries via conquests most especially along the Lagos road axis into Aworiland and beyond! So for Petes sake, it can never be Olowu of Egbaland (abomination), but Olowu of Abeokuta, or Olowu of Owu Kingdom in Abeokuta…simply because the city is not Egbaland but a potpourri of Egba and Owuland! Understood?

  15. Greetings Mr. Owulakoda,

    Thanks for sharing information on the pre-colonial history of the Egba people. I am of African American decent, and my paternal grandmother’s ethnic group belonged Egba from Abeokuta. (All of my life, I have wondered, and your information finally came).

    So, please know, that I am very appreciative that you chose to share.

    My paternal grandmother’s fore bearers belonged to the Egbas that were captured and taken through one of those treacherous routes you talked about,
    When they reached the Lagos area, they were sold onto somebody’s ship.

    By the grace of God, ‘somebody’ survived that horrible 6 weeks journey at the bottom of a slave ship and arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, to be sold again.

    She was a wonderful mother to 7 daughters and 2 sons(the last born of whom was my father). She was born in the late 1800’s and weathered the aftermath of American slavery and the storm of Jim Crow.

    I am very proud to say that despite the hurdles, she became a “licensed” mid-wife, and extremely well versed in herbal healing. She had a sweet disposition and taught us to do good, and righteous behavior, even in the face of challenges. She knew the secret to healing babies when the medical doctors were at a lost. She went into peoples homes and delivered over 160 babies. I am told that her mother owned property and so did she.

    Knowing the ancient history of the Egbas helps me to understand the “spiritual” source of her determination and perseverance. I trust that the Owu and Egba will treasure their entire history (the good, bad and ugly), learn from the mistakes made and agree to collaborate in peace and solve all issues that prevent them from living in prosperity and cooperation.

    Thanks again and all the best to you.
    YeYe OlaOshun Victoria Lakesin, EdD
    Educator

    • It is a real pleasure to read your comment, Dr Lakesin.
      It is further of exceptional delight that you have preserved your African heritage in the choice of your name.
      It will be greater pleasure if you could provide a more comprehensive detail of the story of your ancestry to share on this page.
      The crowning glory would come if you could be part of a cultural pilgrimage home to the land of your ancestry that Owulakoda hopes to promote to coincide with the annual Odun-Omo-Olowu Cultural Festival in October.
      I am delighted to hear from you and hope you will spread the gospel through the Diaspora. Please stay tuned to this site with your comments and contributions.

  16. Please where is Agbole Ajubua or Anlugbua i dont know the correct one ,but that is where i belong in Owuland. HELP PLEASE . Dr.Femi Taiwo

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